Pelé (1940) In 1999, Brazilian footballer Edson Arantes do Nascimento, better known as Pelé, was named Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee. Over the course of his 21-year career from 1956 to 1977, he scored 1,281 goals, captured every scoring record in Brazil, and led his national team to three World Cup victories. After his superb first World Cup appearance in 1958, Brazilian officials feared that their star player might be poached by a European club and did what prevent this? Discuss
Curly Howard (1903) Jerome Lester Horwitz, a man best known as "Curly Howard" or simply "Curly," was arguably the most popular member of the legendary comedy trio the Three Stooges. He appeared in nearly 100 Three Stooges shorts before suffering a career-ending stroke. According to brother and fellow Stooge Moe Howard, Curly often struggled with his lines and instead improvised the visual and vocal nonsense that became hallmarks of his character. Why did he shave his head for the role of Curly?
Alfred Nobel (1833) Nobel was a Swedish chemist and engineer who invented dynamite, the smokeless powder Ballistite, and an explosive gelatin more powerful than dynamite. In his last will, he left his enormous fortune in trust for the endowment of the Nobel Prizes, which recognize outstanding achievements in the fields of science, literature, and economics and in the promotion of peace. What was the content of the prematurely published obituary that is said to have made Nobel resolve to leave a better legacy?
Why Some Get SAD Seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, is a form of depression most often experienced in winter, when exposure to sunlight is limited. Although the mechanism of the disorder is not entirely understood, researchers are closing in on its causes. Data show that people with SAD have higher evening and nighttime levels of serotonin transporter (SERT) protein during the winter months than do healthy volunteers. SERT carries serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate mood, back into nerve cells where it is not active, so these higher SERT levels could conceivably account for the "winter blues." Discuss
Paralysis Reversed with Olfactory Cells A man paralyzed from the chest down in a knife attack that severed his spine in 2010 has regained the ability to walk, with assistance, thanks to a pioneering new surgery that involved transplanting olfactory cells into his spinal cord. Olfactory ensheathing cells grow throughout life and can regenerate after injury, so researchers hypothesized that they would be ideally suited to help bridge the gap in the patient's spinal cord. Now, two years after the surgery, the patient is able to walk with the aid of a frame and has recovered some bladder, bowel, and sexual function.
A Little Awareness Goes a Long Way If you were told that you would need to run for 50 minutes or walk five miles (eight kilometers) in order to work off the calories of the soda you were about to buy, would you return it to the shelf? It would seem that being confronted with this sort of information about sugary beverages while shopping does influence buying habits, particularly among teens, and could be a cheap and simple way to combat the growing obesity problem plaguing many countries.